家庭教育立法:回溯与前瞻

摘要:办好教育事业,需要发挥家庭、学校、政府、社会的合力,家庭教育是教育综合改革的有机组成部分,家庭教育立法是保障家庭教育实施的基本制度保障。基于回溯性政策研究,在典型性政策文件的…

摘要:办好教育事业,需要发挥家庭、学校、政府、社会的合力,家庭教育是教育综合改革的有机组成部分,家庭教育立法是保障家庭教育实施的基本制度保障。基于回溯性政策研究,在典型性政策文件的基础上可将我国家庭教育立法的政策历程分为三个阶段,即从构建基本规范到形成基本制度,走向了推动家庭教育立法。其政策实施特征体现为体制变革、机制创新与建章立制,分别表现为从群团工作逐步到政府工作、从家长教育逐步到家校合作、从规章制度逐步到立法推动。家庭教育立法内容与实施路径集中表现为"四个结合",即精准施策,家庭教育和社会发展相结合;家校合作,家庭教育和学校教育相结合;注重家风,家庭教育与家庭建设相结合;科学施教,家庭教育与言传身教相结合。Well-conducted education relies on the joint efforts of family, school, government and society. Family education is an organic part of comprehensive education reform, and its legislation provides the basic system guarantee for its implementation. Based on the retrospective research on related policies, the process of family education legislation in China can be pided into three stages according to the typical policy documents: from the establishment of basic norms to the formation of basic systems, and then to the family education legislation. The characteristics of its implementation can be summarized as system reform, mechanism innovation and rule establishment, which are respectively manifested in the gradual transition from mass organization work to government work, from the parent education to school cooperation, and from rules and regulations to legislative promotion. The legislative content and implementation path are concentrated in the form of "four combinations", that is, the combination of family education and social development by precise implementation;the combination of family education and school education by home-school cooperation;the combination of family education and family construction by focusing on family style;and the combination of family education and teaching by words and deeds to realize scientific teaching.

作者:薛二勇周秀平李健XUE Eryong;ZHOU Xiuping;LI Jian(Faculty of Education,China Institute of Education and Social Development BNU,Beijing 100875,China)

机构地区:北京师范大学教育学部、中国教育与社会发展研究院

出处:《北京师范大学学报:社会科学版》CSSCI北大核心2019年第6期12-21,共10页Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Sciences)

基金教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目“习近平总书记关于教育的重要论述研究”(18JZD006)。

关键词:家庭教育家庭教育立法教育政策研究family educationlegislation of family educationeducation policy study

分类号:G40[文化科学—教育学原理]

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