特殊困境未成年人家庭教育的地方立法保障

摘要:家庭教育影响孩子一生,家长应该肩负起加强孩子思想道德、人身安全、心理健康、行为习惯等教育任务的主体责任。可是,对于一些留守、流动、孤残等特殊困境儿童,家庭教育的实施还存在很大…

摘要:家庭教育影响孩子一生,家长应该肩负起加强孩子思想道德、人身安全、心理健康、行为习惯等教育任务的主体责任。可是,对于一些留守、流动、孤残等特殊困境儿童,家庭教育的实施还存在很大困难。为了保障特殊困境家庭的未成年人健康成长,重庆等一些地方通过地方立法,界定了政府、学校和社会为特殊困境未成年人提供家庭教育指导服务的法律责任,产生了良好的社会效果,但也存在一些保障范围不足的问题。为此,地方立法应该建立一种家庭尽责、政府推进、学校指导和社会参与的家庭教育关爱机制,让更多的特殊困境未成年人能够享有科学优质的家庭教育指导服务。Family education affects children’s whole life.Parents should shoulder the main responsibility of strengthening children’s ideological and moral education,personal safety,mental health and behavioral habits.However,for some children with special difficulties such as staying behind,mobility and orphans,the implementation of family education still has great difficulties.In order to ensure the healthy growth of minors in families with special difficulties,some places,such as Chongqing,have adopted local legislation to define the legal responsibilities of the government,schools and society to provide families with guidance services for minors with special difficulties,which has produced good social results.However,there are also some problems with the lack of coverage.Therefore,the local legislation should establish a family education care mechanism with due diligence,government promotion,school guidance and social participation,so that more minors in special difficulties can enjoy science and quality family education guidance services.

作者:余俊YU Jun(College of Educational Science/College of Law,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu,Anhui 241002,China)

机构地区:安徽师范大学法学院/教育科学学院

出处:《湖南师范大学教育科学学报》CSSCI北大核心2020年第1期39-47,共9页Journal of Educational Science of Hunan Normal University

基金安徽省2019年教育科学研究项目“安徽省城乡义务教育均衡发展的立法保障研究”[JK19134]安徽平台引进高层次人才项目(皖组通字〔2017〕51号)安徽师范大学博士启动基金项目。

关键词:特殊困境未成年人家庭教育地方立法主体责任关爱机制minors in special hardshipfamily educationlocal legislationsubject responsibilitycare-giving mechanisms

分类号:G40-011.8[文化科学—教育学原理]

作者:简介余俊,安徽师范大学法学院/教育科学学院教授,博士生导师。

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