家庭和学校的视角:低家庭社会经济地位学生的学习动力研究

摘要:针对“寒门再难出贵子”的社会现象,研究者选取了低家庭社会经济地位学生5087名,了解其学习动力情况,并从家庭投入、学校教育因素分析其对低家庭社会经济地位学生学习动力的影响。研…

摘要:针对“寒门再难出贵子”的社会现象,研究者选取了低家庭社会经济地位学生5087名,了解其学习动力情况,并从家庭投入、学校教育因素分析其对低家庭社会经济地位学生学习动力的影响。研究发现,低家庭社会经济地位学生的学习愉悦感较低、学习求知欲不足,八年级学生表现尤为突出;学生总体课业负担感受偏重,校内课业负担感受重于校外;家庭教育尤其在计算机和综合素质培养方面资源投入不足。针对这些情况,教育管理部门应该通过教育补偿政策,为低家庭社会经济地位学生提供物质保障;通过家校合力,改善家长对学生的精神支持及其家庭生活满意度;为学生提供综合指导,激发其学习动力;丰富低家庭社会经济地位学生可利用的资源,建立家庭外的个体支持系统。In view of the social phenomenon that“it’s too difficult for students frompoor and humble families to become outstanding”,in order to explore the learning motivation of students’socioeconomic status from poor and humble families,the researcher selected 5087 students in Beijing to understand their learning motivation,and analyzed the impact on their learning motivation from family investment and school education factors.It is found that these students have lower sense of learning pleasure and lack of desire for knowledge,especially the eighth grade students;the student’s overall schoolwork burden feeling is heavy,which is heavier in school than outside school;the family education is insufficient,especially in the computer and comprehensive quality training resources.In view of these situations,education management departments should provide material security for these students through education compensation policies,improve parents’spiritual support for them and their family life satisfaction through home school cooperation,provide comprehensive guidance for students to stimulate their learning motivation,enrich resources available to these students,and build up family inpidual support system outside the family.

作者:张娜王玥Zhang Na;Wang Yue(不详)

机构地区:北京教育科学研究院

出处:《教育测量与评价》2020年第3期51-56,共6页Educational measurement and evaluation

基金教育部青年课题“低家庭社会经济地位学生抗逆力的保护机制研究”(课题批准号EBA130369)的成果。

关键词:学习动力家庭社会经济地位教育投入家庭支持学校教育learning motivationfamily socioeconomic statuseducational inputfamily supportschool education

分类号:G448[哲学宗教—发展与教育心理学]

作者:简介张娜,北京教育科学研究院副研究员,博士,主要研究方向为学生评价;王玥,北京教育科学研究院助理研究员,主要研究方向为教育测量与统计。

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