民国教育家交往活动史:类型、特征及走向

摘要:为了推动教育变革与发展,民国时期教育家之间频繁交往、相互合作,形成了良好的交流互动氛围。不仅体现在公共教育事务的互援互助、群策群力,还体现在日常生活的关心提携、情感交流,由此…

摘要:为了推动教育变革与发展,民国时期教育家之间频繁交往、相互合作,形成了良好的交流互动氛围。不仅体现在公共教育事务的互援互助、群策群力,还体现在日常生活的关心提携、情感交流,由此建立和保持着较为紧密的人际关系,形成了广泛而复杂的教育交往网络。就交往类型而言,民国教育家的交往活动概括起来可分为地缘交往、学缘交往、志缘交往三种。相较于地缘交往、学缘交往,教育家之间基于共同教育志趣的志缘交往更具持久性。教育家的教育交往网络也并非封闭、排外的,而是开放、包容的。随着近代社会的转型及教育研究的深化,教育家的交往活动由以地缘交往、学缘交往为主,逐渐向崇尚志缘交往转变,志缘交往成为民国教育家积累学术资本的重要方式。In order to promote the development of education,the educators in China before 1949 interacted and cooperated with each other frequently. They not only supported each other on the public education affairs,but also helped each other in daily life,thus maintaining close interpersonal relationship. A wide and complex educational communication network had thus been built. On the whole,the relationship between them was based on three types of foundation: i. e. they developed good relationship with each other due to shared geopolitical,scholastic,or professional common grounds. Compared with geopolitical and scholastic common ground-based relationships,the relationship based on common educational interests and ambitions was more durable. Another characteristic of the interaction between those educators is that the communication network they built was open and inclusive. What’s more,with the transformation of society and the development of education,the factors sustaining the relationship between them gradually changed from geopolitical closeness to shared educational interests and ambitions,the relationship based on which became an important way for them to accumulate academic capital.

作者:郭景川申国昌GUO Jingchuan;SHEN Guochang(Faculty of Education,Henan Normal University,Xinxiang 453007;School of Education Science,Central China Normal University,Wuhan 430079)

机构地区:河南师范大学教育学部华中师范大学教育学院

出处:《南京师大学报:社会科学版》CSSCI北大核心2020年第2期68-75,共8页Journal of Nanjing Normal University(Social Science Edition)

基金2018年度中央高校基本科研业务费重大培育项目“中国学校日常生活史研究”(SK02072018-0265)阶段性成果。

关键词:民国时期教育家交往活动教育交往史period before 1949 in Chinaeducatorscommunicationhistory of educational communication

分类号:G63[文化科学—教育学]

作者:简介郭景川,教育学博士,河南师范大学教育学部讲师(新乡453007);通讯作者::申国昌,教育学博士,华中师范大学教育学院教授、博士生导师(武汉430079)。

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