超大规模互联网教育组织的核心要素研究——在线教育有效支撑“停课不停学”案例分析

摘要:我国有各级各类学校51.88万所、专任教师1672.85万人、在校生2.76亿人,教育系统在疫情防控期间面向全国亿万学生开展大规模在线教育是历史上从未有过的创举,在全球也属首…

摘要:我国有各级各类学校51.88万所、专任教师1672.85万人、在校生2.76亿人,教育系统在疫情防控期间面向全国亿万学生开展大规模在线教育是历史上从未有过的创举,在全球也属首次。我们可能正在经历一个全球最大的信息化基础设施升级改造工程和一个师生信息素养提升培训工程,一次全球最大的信息化教学社会实验和一次开放教育资源运动。面对新型冠状病毒疫情防控期间各级各类学校在线教学开展中遇到的各种难题,基于网络研讨会的专家观点和校长、教师和局长对一线在线教育实施情况、困难、经验和建议的分析,本文从超大规模互联网教育组织的视角出发,围绕流畅的通信平台、适切的数字资源、便利的学习工具、多样的学习方式、灵活的教学组织、有效的支持服务、密切的政企校协同七个要素,论述了在线教育如何有效支撑“停课不停学”,以期为政府及各级各类学校制定相关政策方针提供理论依据,为一线教师和学生开展在线教学提供操作指南,为相关企业、家庭、社会等多方参与和支持在线教学提供思路和方法。There are 518,800 schools at all levels,with 16.728,500 full-time teachers and 276 million students in China.It is unprecedented in history and the first initiative in the world to deliver the large-scale online education to hundreds of millions of students nationwide during the epidemic prevention and control period.We may be experiencing the largest upgrading project of information infrastructure,the largest training project of teacher-student information literacy,the largest social experiment in online teaching in the world,and an open educational resources movement as well.In the face of various difficulties encountered in the online teaching of various schools at all levels during the prevention and control of the new coronavirus epidemic,this study first synthesizes the expert views of the webinars and the implementation,difficulties,experiences and recommendations of front-line education by principals,teachers and directors.Then from the perspective of super-large scale Internet education organization,this study discusses how online education can effectively support"Disrupted Class,Undisrupted Learning"according to seven elements:smooth communication platform,appropriate digital resources,convenient learning tools,perse learning styles,flexible teaching organization,effective support services,and close collaboration among government,schools and enterprise.This study aims to provide theoretical basis for the government and schools at all levels to formulate relevant policies and guidelines,provide operational guidelines for teachers and students to conduct online teaching,and provide ideas and methods for enterprises,families and society to participate in and support online teaching as well.

作者:黄荣怀张慕华沈阳田阳曾海军HUANG Ronghuai;ZHANG Muhua;SHEN Yang;TIAN Yang;ZENG Haijun(National Engineering Laboratory for Cyberlearning and Intelligent Technology,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875;Smart Learning Institute,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875)

机构地区:北京师范大学互联网教育智能技术及应用国家工程实验室北京师范大学智慧学习研究院

出处:《电化教育研究》CSSCI北大核心2020年第3期10-19,共10页E-education Research

基金国家社科基金“十三五”规划教育学重点课题“人工智能与未来教育发展研究”(课题编号:ACA190006)。

关键词:互联网教育在线学习核心要素停课不停学Internet EducationOnline LearningCore ElementsDisrupted ClassUndisrupted Learning

分类号:G434[文化科学—教育技术学]

作者:简介黄荣怀(1965-),男,湖南益阳人。教授,博士,主要从事人工智能与教育、智慧学习环境、知识工程等领域研究。E-mail:huangrh@bnu.edu.cn;通讯作者::张慕华,E-mail:zhangmuhua@bnu.edu.cn。

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