夯实家庭教育的基石

“得一天下英才而教育之,三乐也”,这是《孟子》里的一句话,“教育”的概念最早就是见于此处。随着现代社会的发展,教育成为时下关注的重点和难题。怎样教好学生,怎样教育好孩子?这些都困扰…

夯实家庭教育的基石

“得一天下英才而教育之,三乐也”,这是《孟子》里的一句话,“教育”的概念最早就是见于此处。随着现代社会的发展,教育成为时下关注的重点和难题。怎样教好学生,怎样教育好孩子?这些都困扰着老师与家长。因此,“社会学习化,学习社会化”正逐步成为现代社会和现代教育发展的重要趋势。

家庭教育是学校教育的重要基础,有着不可或缺的作用。然而,当下家庭教育却是众多家长的难题,很多家长在教育孩子的时候存在着许多误区:过分溺爱;重视智育,忽视德育;期望值过高;重视身体健康,忽略心理发展等等。其实,家庭教育的形式是多样化的,首先,家长必须创造良好的家庭环境,才能使孩子积极健康的成长。比方说,一个家庭的父母每天晚上吃过饭,不是打开电视,而是坐在沙发上看书看报……孩子生活在这样的环境下,慢慢地就会变成一位爱看书爱学习的孩子,这就是家庭环境的影响和熏陶。其次,家长对孩子要有合理的要求,在这强调的是“合理”二字,如果家长给孩子提出一些他(她)一时难以达到或者根本达不到的目的和要求,这样只会适得其反,让孩子失去信心,屡屡产生挫败感。最后,家长要善于把教育和娱乐结合起来,这种教育,学校教育里也是常用的,如“寓教于乐”。家长要善于抓住孩子在娱乐的机会进行教育,比如带孩子一起去爬一座高山,可以让孩子观察沿途的风景以及感受爬山的艰辛,也就是趁机教育孩子平时留心生活,观察生活。

夯实家庭教育的基石

为了使教育保持一致性,学校教育应该与家庭教育有机的结合,形成教育合力。为了实现教育的培养目标,保证儿童的健康发展,学校教育应该对家庭教育进行一定的指导,使家庭、学校目标一致,相互支持。学校对家庭教育的指导,可通过家访、建立通讯联系、召开家长会、组织家长委员会、举办家长学校等方式,与家庭建立联系。比如,通过召开家长会,给各位家长在家庭教育方面进行一次指导,不要把家长会开成“批斗会”,而是让家长成为学校的主人,让家长从主观上意识到学校和家庭都有同一个目的——-“一切为了孩子”。在家长会中,老师可以帮助家长解开一些疑惑。譬如,有些家长认为“不打不成才”,殊不知当下的孩子已非往日,他们从小接触的知识面比较广,很有思想,家长应该与他们多沟通。有这样一首儿歌写到:首次挨打虎兢兢,再次挨打哭不停。三次挨打眉头紧,多次挨打骨头硬。挨打练成功夫到,学着父母打别人。所以,武力是解决不了问题的,相反,只会给孩子带来负面的影响。还有的家长对孩子没有耐心,只是一味的批评指责,让孩子的自信心一点一点的磨灭,孩子最后沉默少语,成为问题孩子。其实孩子最需要的是老师和家长的赏识与鼓励。还有一些留守儿童,这是最让老师和家长担心的群体,他们大部分和爷爷奶奶生活在一起,爷爷奶奶是“只管养,不管教”,再加上爷爷奶奶的过分溺爱,使孩子从小就没有养成良好的学习和行为习惯,因此这些孩子的成绩都不理想,家长们要明白教育要从小抓起,习惯要从小培养。

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