全国教师资格证统考综合素质常考点整理

在进行教师资格证综合素质备考前,小编建议考生可参考一下整理的常考点,这些知识点有利于考生进行梳理内容,着重备考!那么对于教师资格证考试《综合素质》科目来说,由于内容多且零碎,所以考…

在进行教师资格证综合素质备考前,小编建议考生可参考一下整理的常考点,这些知识点有利于考生进行梳理内容,着重备考!那么对于教师资格证考试《综合素质》科目来说,由于内容多且零碎,所以考生需要花费时间与精力进行归纳整理~

一、考点1:新课程改革背景下教师行为的转变

(1)在对待师生关系上,新课程强调尊重、赞赏

(2)在对待教学上,新课程强调帮助、引导

(3)在对待自我上,新课程强调反思

(4)在对待与其他教育者的关系上,新课程强调合作

二、考点2:文化常识

练习题:“众里寻他千百度,蓦然回首,那人却在灯火阑珊处。”这是辛弃疾《青玉案 元夕》里的名句,“元夕”指的是( )。

A.中秋节 B.元宵节 C.端午节 D.重阳节

【答案】B。解析:元宵节又称正月半、上元节、元夕、灯节。元宵习俗有赏花灯、包饺子、闹年鼓、迎厕神、猜灯谜等。

三、考点3:文学常识

练习题:我国文学史上篇幅最长的抒情诗是( )。

A.《天问》 B.《离骚》 C.《孔雀东南飞》 D.《九章》

【答案】B。解析:《天问》是中国最伟大的浪漫主义诗人屈原的代表作。《离骚》是我国文学史上第一篇最长的抒情诗,代表了楚辞的最高成就。《孔雀东南飞》是我国古代文学史上最早的一首长篇叙事诗。《九章》是一组叙述屈原身世和遭遇的抒情诗。

四、考点4:素质教育观的内涵

(1)素质教育以提高国民素质为根本宗旨

(2)素质教育是面向全体学生的教育

(3)素质教育是促进学生全面发展的教育

(4)素质教育是促进学生个性发展的教育

(5)素质教育是以培养学生的创新精神和实践能力为重点的教育

五、考点5:素质教育的重点与目标

实施素质教育,以提高国民素质为根本宗旨,以培养学生的创新精神和实践能力为重点。

素质教育的目标有两个:一是面向全体学生;二是对学生进行全面发展教育,全面提高学生素质。

练习题:素质教育目标中提到的“两全”指的是( )。

A.全面提高教育质量,全面提高国民素质

B.面向全体学生,促进学生的全面发展

C.全面提高国民素质,面向全体学生

D.促进学生全面发展,全面提高教育质量

【答案】B。

六、考点6:新课程改革背景下的学生观

学生是发展的人;学生是独特的人;学生是具有独立意义的人。

七、考点7:新课程改革背景下(新时期)教师角色的转变

(1)教师由知识的传授者转变为学生学习的引导者和学生发展的促进者

(2)教师从课程的忠实执行者转变为课程的建设者和开发者

(3)教师要从“教书匠”转变为教育教学的研究者和反思的实践者

(4)教师要从学校的教师转变为社区型的开放的教师。

八、考点8:科技常识

练习题:煤气中毒主要是由下列哪种气体引起的( )。

A.一氧化碳 B.二氧化碳 C.一氧化氮 D.二氧化氮

【答案】A。

九、考点9:逻辑推理

练习题:有句公益广告词是:没有买卖就没有杀害。对这句话的推断正确的是( )。

A.有杀害说明有买卖 B.没有杀害就没有买卖

C.买卖和杀害之间存在正相关 D.保护动物,从“不买卖开始”

【答案】A。解析:题干的推理规则是:没有买卖→没有杀害;否后可以否前,因此A项正确。肯定后件不能肯定前件,因此B项不正确;C、D的信息不能由题干推知。

十、考点10:信息处理

练习题:在WORD的编辑状态,选择了文档全文,若在”段落”对话框中设置行距为20磅的格式,应当选择”行距”列表框中的( )。

A.单倍行距 B.1.5倍行距 C.固定值 D.多倍行距

【答案】C。

十一、考点11:历史常识

练习题:曾六次东渡日本,为中日友好做出积极贡献的是( )。

A.鉴真 B.玄奘 C.郑和 D.张骞

【答案】A。解析:唐朝鉴真东渡,玄奘西游;明朝郑和七下西洋;西汉张骞出使西域。

十二、考点12:写作

对于“成功”,大部分中国人认为“考上重点大学,出人头地,才是成功”;而《明朝那些事》的结尾却说:“成功只有一个,那就是——按自己的方式完成人生”。

以“我看学生的成功”为题写一篇论说文。

要求:用规范的现代汉语写作,不要脱离材料内容或含义。立意自定,观点明确,分析具体,条理清晰,语言流畅,不少于800字。

【写作思路】

结合职业理念中所讲知识,如教育观和学生观的内容,分析什么才是成功。

首先,观点明确,文章中要体现先进的教育理念。

其次,可结合实例对观点进行论证。

最后,对文章观点进行总结归纳。

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