北京“五官”门诊寒假迎就诊高峰,眼镜牙套成孩子新“装备”

寒假进入尾声,不少孩子身上又多了新“设置设备摆设”——“小眼镜”和“小牙套”。连日来,记者从北京同仁病院、北京口腔病院、国都儿研所和东区儿童病院等多家病院采访获悉,今年寒假时代,各…

寒假进入尾声,不少孩子身上又多了新“设置设备摆设”——“小眼镜”和“小牙套”。连日来,记者从北京同仁病院、北京口腔病院、国都儿研所和东区儿童病院等多家病院采访获悉,今年寒假时代,各大年夜病院涉及“五官”的科室最热门,此中眼科、口腔科、耳鼻喉科纷繁迎来井喷式的患儿就诊高峰。

天天千余孩子配眼镜

在北京同仁病院验光配镜中间,记者发明,前来配镜大年夜多是青少年,有些小不点儿以致还在上幼儿园。“孩子今年才7岁,之前发明他看器械就有点眯缝眼,趁放寒假来反省,已经近视快300度了。”家长陈女士忧心地说,“快开学了,这不赶快带孩子来配副眼镜。”

寒假里,很多家长都邑带孩子反省视力或从新配眼镜,今朝北京同仁病院验光配镜中间天天接诊量都在千人以上,基础上都是孩子,数量比日常平凡翻了一番还多。就诊患儿主要以近视型的屈光不正为主,还有一些斜视、弱视的患儿。假期,同仁病院眼科门诊14岁以下的青少年患者数量也增了一倍。

“现在中国人近视比例逐年升高,并且呈低龄化成长趋势,不少孩子才上小学一二年级就戴上了小眼镜。”同仁病院眼科门诊主任乔春艳提醒家长,日常平凡必然要留意孩子的用眼卫生、写字坐姿和屋内毫光,只管即便削减弹钢琴、画画等长光阴、近间隔用眼的活动。“有钻研证实,阳光可以匆匆进人体内激素变更,预防并延缓近视的发生,是以要多鼓励孩子进行户外活动。”

同仁验光配镜高档视光师王艳霞在采访中走漏,对付日常筛查来说,无论近视、弱视照样远视,最先体现出的都是视力的下降。家永日常平凡在家要留意察看孩子有没有眯着眼、皱着眉或克意歪着头看器械,以及频繁呈现眨眼、挤眼睛的动作,这些征象都在提示孩子视力呈现了问题。这时必要家长及时带孩子到病院就诊。

正畸科门诊八成是青少年

牙列不齐、蛀牙是儿童最常见的口腔疾病,发病率大年夜约有70%。寒假里,在北京口腔病院天坛和王府井两个院区,正畸科天天匀称门诊量都在200多例,此中近八成都是青少年。北京口腔病院正畸科副主任谢贤聚先容,现在临床上纠正牙齿的少年儿童越来越多,青春期是牙齿纠正的黄金光阴,即女孩在11岁至14岁,男孩在12岁至15岁。跨越这个光阴段再做牙齿纠正,无论疗效照样疗程都邑有必然的影响。

谈及假期门诊量的“井喷”状况,谢贤聚表示,日常平凡门生们由于上学请假未方便,以是家长们每每会在假期集中带孩子来纠正牙齿。但事实上,正畸是一个对照长的历程,一样平常疗程都必要两年光阴,从就诊角度来说,赶在寒暑假高峰期过来就诊并不明智,排大年夜队不说,孩子戴纠正器前,每每还要进行洗牙、补牙、照X光等反省,再由医生设计治疗规划,这一系列筹备事情都必要光阴,并非当天就能戴上纠正器。他提醒家长们只管即便避开假期,错峰就诊。

耳鼻喉科患儿寒假翻倍

常日里孩子反复感冒、发热、嗓子发炎或得中耳炎……很可能与特定疾病相关,不少家长选择在假期进行系统反省和治疗。北京东区儿童病院耳鼻喉科主任冯国仿先容,一到寒暑假,患有慢性鼻炎尤其是慢性过敏性鼻炎,慢性扁桃体炎包括扁桃体反复化脓、发炎,以及反复的中耳炎这三类疾病的患儿显着增多,这天常平凡的两倍以上。

记者懂得到,患儿家长选择寒暑假来治疗也与此类疾病的特征有关。例如慢性鼻炎,尤其是过敏性鼻炎必要系统、正规的抗过敏治疗,寒暑假就诊能包管用药规律。而这些疾病可能都和腺样体肥大年夜有关,手术治疗必要住院3到5天。

(原题为:《寒假,孩子扎堆“五官”门诊 》)

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