高校开展文献检索课,有什么意义?

作为大学生信息素质教育的主干课程,文献检索课自面世之日起,就以作用独特和风格鲜明而广受关注。它既是引导学生从信息资源中获取知识和信息的一门科学方法课,也是一门提高学生自学能力和创新…

高校开展文献检索课,有什么意义?

作为大学生信息素质教育的主干课程,文献检索课自面世之日起,就以作用独特和风格鲜明而广受关注。它既是引导学生从信息资源中获取知识和信息的一门科学方法课,也是一门提高学生自学能力和创新能力的工具课,还是增强学生信息意识和信息文化素养的素质培养课。

早在1981年10月,教育部就颁布了《中华人民共和国高等学校图书馆工作条例》,其中第二条要求“开展查阅文献方法的教育和辅导工作”,第九条要求“辅导读者查阅文献资料,并进行有关方法的基本训练”,以部级文件形式将培训师生掌握“文献检索方法”确定为高校图书馆的工作任务之一。2002年2月,教育部颁布的《普通高等学校图书馆规程(修订)》总则第三条明确规定,当前高等学校图书馆五项主要任务之一就是:“开展信息素质教育,培养读者的信息意识和获取、利用文献信息的能力。”

上述权威性的文件为文献检索课的建设与发展奠定了基础,深化和拓展了图书馆的职能。同时,图书馆也培养了大量现实用户和潜在用户,提高了用户的信息素质和信息能力,有效提高了信息资源的幵发力度。

高校开展文献检索课,有什么意义?

下面我们讨论一下在高校中开展文献检索课的重要意义。

一、开展文献检索课是文献信息快速发展的客观需要

据2005年统计数据显示,中国的书报刊出版物已居世界之首,中国共有图书出版社573家,出版图书222 473种(其中新版图书128 578种),图书总印数64.02亿册(张);出版报纸1931种,报纸总印数412.6亿份;出版期刊9468种,期刊总印数27.59亿册。除此每年还有新增的各种论文、出版专利说明书、学位论文等多达上百万篇。从这些数据我们可以看出,文献信息在高速发展,作为大学生或者未来的科技工作者,要从众多的文献信息中寻找出自己需要的资料,这就要求大学生们从现在开始掌握文献检索的技能,因此开设文献检索课能满足现代信息 发展的需要。

二、开展文献检索课有利于提高大学生的实践能力

文献检索课是一门理论与实践紧密结合的课程,学生除了需要掌握相关理论以外,实践环节更为重要。因为在查找文献的过程中需要学生去鉴别、取舍、分析、对比,这种自己动手实践的方法有利于学生增长知识、了解知识的脉络、开阔视野、提高分析能力。

因此,有人说文献检索是解决问题的钥匙,这充分显示了文献检索课的作用。

三、开展文献检索课为大学生的未来作好铺垫

高校开展文献检索课,有什么意义?

现在的大学生很大一部分将成为未来的科技工作者,如果没有较强的文献检索能力,那么其科研工作将会困难重重。对于科技工作者来说,从项目的选题到项目的研究都离不开文献资料的查找。就拿项目的选题来说,全世界每年因为选题的重复所造成的损失就达到100亿美元以上。在我国,很多公司或研究机构各自闭门研究同一项目,它们相互不了解,从而造成了研究的重复性。有个别科技工作者由于不了解研究的前沿,而使所研究的项目重复过去已经研究透彻并且已经有了成熟结论的项目。因此,如果科技工作者能够通过科技查新了解科技前沿,了解最新科技动态,就不会走这么多的弯路,就可以继承前人研究的成果,创造更多的新成果。

四、开展文献检索课为大学生获取新知识指明了捷径

大学生在校期间,已经掌握了一定的基础知识和专业知识。但 是,“授之以鱼”只能让其享用一时。如果掌握了信息检索的方法便可以无师自通,找到一条吸收和利用大量新知识的捷径,把大家引 导到更广阔的知识领域中去,对未知世界进行探索。是谓“教人以 渔”,才能终身受用。

五、开设文献检索课是高校课程设置的要求和大趋势

据调查结果显示,早在1985年,四川省就有80%的高校开设了文献检索课。到目前为止,四川省94%的高校已经开设了该课,开设形式主要分为:必选课、选修课和讲座。在全国来看,100%的“985工程”高校均开设了文献检索课,部分“985工程”高校图书馆开设文献检索课的统计情况。

很多高校对于文献检索课的态度已经不是停留在是否开设的问题上,而是如何提高、搞好课程建设和课程评估的问题。

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

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