教育部部署今年义务教育招生工作:小学100%划片就近入学

近日,在全国使命教导招生入学革新阶段性目标基础实现的根基上,教导部办公厅印发《关于做好2017年使命教导招生入学事情的看护》,针对详细问题,从巩固三年革新成果、有序扩大年夜覆盖范围…

近日,在全国使命教导招生入学革新阶段性目标基础实现的根基上,教导部办公厅印发《关于做好2017年使命教导招生入学事情的看护》,针对详细问题,从巩固三年革新成果、有序扩大年夜覆盖范围、统筹城乡招肇事情、规范黉舍招生行径、强化实行各方使命、加强门生学籍治理、做好鼓吹向导事情七方面做出支配,要求各地继承深化革新,确保教导时机公道。

【教导部办公厅关于做好2017年使命教导招生入学事情的看护】

各省、自治区、直辖市教导厅(教委),各计划单列市教导局,新疆临盆扶植兵团教导局:

按照党的十八届三中全会总体请乞降教导部统一支配,从2014年起,各地教导部门将使命教导免试就近入学革新作为深化教导综合革新的紧张义务启动实施,颠末三年持续大年夜力推进,全国范围取得了阶段性成果和历史性冲破,基础实现了免试就近入学、规范有序入学、阳光监督入学,有效缓解了“择校热”,有力匆匆进了教导公道。为进一步巩固革新成果,持续提升管理水平,现就做好2017年使命教导招生入学事情看护如下。

一、巩固三年革新成果。2014年全国使命教导免试就近入学革新启动之初,按照凸起重点、分类指示的原则,教导部聚焦使命教导招生入学问题倍受关注的19个副省级以上大年夜城市,提出了明确的革新目标并已基础实现。2017年,19个重点大年夜城市要在已有的事情根基之上,继承深化革新,巩固三年革新成果,周全实现2014年确定的各项目标。各区(县)100%的小学实现划片就近入学,原则上每所小学整个生源由就近入学要领确定。95%的初中实现划片入学,每所初中95%以上的生源由就近入学要领确定。经省级教导行政部门赞许招收专永生的初中所招收的专永生比例,降到区(县)初中总招生人数的5%以内。已经实现上述目标的城市要进一步巩固前进。举办实验班必须颠末省级教导行政部门审批,要严格节制规模,有科学公开公正的选拔要领。严禁地方政府、有关单位和黉舍以任何名义收取与入学挂钩的用度。各地教导行政部门要对择校热度较高的重点地区开展专项反省,对免试就近入学目标落实不力的进行约谈。

二、有序扩大年夜覆盖范围。免试就近入学是《使命教导法》根据儿童、少年身心发育的特征和使命教导的性子所确立的基础入学轨制。各省级教导行政部门要落实司法规定,根据凸起问题和重点地区,加大年夜事情指示力度,慢慢扩大年夜划片入学实施范围。在教导资本设置设置设备摆设摆设不敷均衡、群众择校感动强烈、“学区房”问题凸起的地方,要一手大年夜力推进均衡成长,一手积极稳妥推进多校划片(随机摇号、派位),片区调剂时要按照依法管理的思路和法子,由县级教导行政部门约请相关单位和家长代表充分介入,增强划片事情的认可度和公信力,新旧片区变更要设置合理的过渡刻日。

三、统筹城乡招肇事情。要统筹做好县域内城乡黉舍招肇事情,努力稳定村庄子黉舍生源,均衡编班,防止孕育发生新的城镇大年夜班额大年夜校额问题。要统筹推进县域内城乡使命教导一体化革新成长,加大年夜软件均衡力度,合理均衡设置设置设备摆设摆设城乡师资,大年夜力推进校长西席县域内合理流动,出力缩小城乡、校际教导质量差距。要加强政策向导,落实优质高中招生指标合理分配到区域内初中的比例不低于50%的要求,并向懦弱黉舍、屯子子黉舍倾斜,推动门生志愿合理分流。要继承坚持以流入地政府为主、以公办黉舍为主,将随迁子女使命教导纳入城镇成长筹划和财政保障范围,加快建立以栖身证为主要依据的随迁子女入学政策,切实简化随迁子女入学流程和证实要求,做好随迁子女平等吸收使命教导事情。州里投止制黉舍要优先安排留守儿童留宿。

四、规范黉舍招生行径。免试入学是司法付与所有适龄儿童、少年吸收使命教导的权利,是使命教导的基滥觞基本则,适用于所有公办、夷易近办使命教导黉舍。黉舍不得经由过程举办相关培训班或与社会其他教导机构进行相助,提条件拔、特殊培养门生;不得以种种角逐、考试证书、荣誉证书或进修等级等作为招生入学依据或参考。县级教导行政部门要加强对夷易近办使命教导黉舍招肇事情的指示和规范,向导其合理确定招生范围和要领,把门生的康健生长作为事情的启程点和落脚点。对付报名人数跨越招生人数的夷易近办黉舍,在现有事情根基上,可以向导黉舍采取电脑随机派位要领招生,不得采纳统一笔试或者任何变相形式的统一常识性考试要领选拔生源。

五、强化实行各方使命。使命教导是国家统一实施的所有适龄儿童、少年必须吸收的教导,适龄儿童、少年的父母或者其他法定监护人该当依法送其按时入学吸收并完成使命教导。就读小学一年级儿童的截止诞生年月由省级教导行政部门根据司法规定和实际环境统筹确定。各县(市、区)教导行政部门除加强对传统控辍保学重点群体监控外,要高度关注吸收“学堂”“读经班”等社会培训机构教导的门生。适龄儿童、少年未按《使命教导法》相关规定入学吸收使命教导的,黉舍及教导部门要急速落实掉学辍学门生劝返、挂号和书面申报责任。对付因身段康健等缘故原由确需缓学的,父母或其他法定监护人应向县级教导部门提出申请,获赞许后方可缓学,不得擅自以在家进修替代国家统一实施的使命教导。

六、加强门生学籍治理。各地要充分依托中小门生学籍信息治理系统,提升教导治理信息化水平,充分发挥学籍治理系统在管理择校问题上的根基性、机制性感化。要经由过程学籍治理,及时掌握门生流动和辍学环境,为削减门生无序流动、周全推行就近入学、加强控辍保学供给技巧支撑。但同时要进一步明确,学籍是门生入学的结果,不是入学和转学的条件前提,其主要功能是记录,转接学籍或新建学籍是招生入学的后置法度榜样,不得以学籍问题为由拒收门生。门生被黉舍招收后,原本已有学籍的,接管黉舍要经由过程全国学籍系统为门生转接学籍,实现“人籍同等”;原本没有学籍的,要为门生新建学籍。暂无公夷易近身份证号或原公夷易近身份证号弗成用的门生,可以先建立临时学籍号,待取得真实可用的身份证号并经由过程认证后,得到正式学籍号。门生没有到校报到入学的,黉舍不得经由过程招生法度榜样将其学籍注册成正式在校生。

七、做好鼓吹向导事情。使命教导招生入学事情关系到广大年夜人夷易近群众的亲自利益,政策性强,受关注度高,各地要持续赓续开展有效鼓吹向导事情。要在招生入学关键环节和关键光阴,积极主动与相关单位、媒体取得联系,合营共同,就核心政策、群众关心的政策疑难点做好鼓吹释疑事情。要立异鼓吹形式、冲破鼓吹难点、打消鼓吹盲点,分外要加强对收集、微信、微博等新媒体的运用。要通顺举报渠道,对付举报的问题、顶风违规招生及乱收费行径,要卖力核实查处。对违法违规的单位或小我要严肃处置惩罚,及时传递。要针对少数适龄儿童、少年延缓入学、休学或自行实施使命教导等特殊需求,提前对其父母或者其他法定监护人做好政策宣讲事情,增强见告及解释力度。对违反《使命教导法》相关规定的行径,要依法督匆匆改正。

教导部办公厅

2017年2月22日

(原题为:《教导部办公厅关于做好2017年使命教导招生入学事情的看护》)

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