女高职生吐槽就业难:男生几乎全就业,同班女生只有4人就业

参加了4场招聘会,送达了7份简历,口试了4家铁路单位,湖南铁道职业技巧学院电气化铁道技巧(车辆)专业的李欣欣照样没有找到一份相宜的事情。“女生就业竞争很猛烈,我知道,可是没有想到会…

参加了4场招聘会,送达了7份简历,口试了4家铁路单位,湖南铁道职业技巧学院电气化铁道技巧(车辆)专业的李欣欣照样没有找到一份相宜的事情。“女生就业竞争很猛烈,我知道,可是没有想到会这么猛烈。”

李欣欣说,谋事情的这段日子算是她人生的低谷时期。“由于每次口试都怀着满满的盼望,结果确是让人分外失望,也很袭击人。”春节过后,李欣欣早早来到黉舍,等候黉舍的校园招聘,然而,对付谋事情,她真是有点不知所措了。

去年11月24日,由北京师范大年夜学劳动力市场钻研中间主理的第六届“中国劳动力市场成长论坛”在北京举行,会上同时宣布了《2016中国劳动力市场成长申报》。

该申报显示,仅在大年夜门生初次就业率上,近两年男大年夜门生比女大年夜门生要高10个百分点,女大年夜门生的就业形势依然严酷。春节过后,就业市场又将开启,女大年夜门生就业问题成为了人们关注的焦点。

“最好能进入国企等稳定的单位”

“我的成就在班上是前三名,日常平凡也没有呈现挂科环境,还参加了相关课程的实训,比如钳工实训、电工实训、车辆厂实地实训等。可是照样换不来一份相宜的事情。”李欣欣奉告笔者,她所在的班级共有10名女生,春节前,已经找到事情的只有4人,而男生险些整个就业,有的还有几个offer,可以遴选。“在很多单位的招聘中,一些岗位中标示只招聘男生。”

行业特点限定了女生就业,这一不雅点获得了湖南铁道职业技巧学院招生就业处副处长罗奕的认同。“各大年夜铁路局用工总量正慢慢削减,女生在铁路局就业难度加大年夜。很多的事情也不得当女生,用人单位的部分工种对女生有着明确的要求。”

李欣欣奉告笔者,到现在还没有找到事情,自己也很是发急。“终究念了这么久的书就盼望找到一份好事情,最好能进入国企、铁路局等相对稳定的单位。”

《2016中国劳动力市场成长申报》显示,女大年夜门生对就业前提的要求高于男性,也是女性就业加倍艰苦的紧张缘故原由之一。从行业上看,女性大年夜学卒业生就业率最高的4个行业依次为教导、医疗与照料护士、留宿和餐饮、商业零售。只管国有企奇迹单位赓续革新,然则夷易近营企业对女大年夜学卒业生的吸引力仍旧较弱,政府机构、科研单位的事情相对稳定是很多女大年夜学卒业生加倍青睐的主要缘故原由。

从期望就业行业来看,“盼望进入国有企奇迹单位”的女大年夜学卒业生比例为38.7%,比男大年夜门生的比例超过跨过了7.1个百分点,然则从实际就业去素来看,女性大年夜学卒业生的就业希望和就业结果并不匹配,分手有31.2%的男性和29.6%的女性大年夜门生进入了国有企奇迹单位。

“女生就业难是就业事情的常态”

在就业季,女高职生就业难成了各大年夜高职院校的“棘手”事情。湖南铁道职业技巧学院曾组织会议,专门评论争论匆匆进女高职生就业的步伐。该校就业指示教研室张翠英师长教师觉得,“女生就业难是就业事情的常态。”

罗奕表示,在就业中,女生就业不雅念存在误区,对就业企业和事情地域期望值过高,“等事情”“挑事情”“任命后放弃”征象严重。“这是女高职生就业难很紧张的缘故原由。”

为何会呈现女大年夜门生的就业逆境?国家人力资本和社会保障部就业匆匆进司统筹就业处处长杨颖琳也曾在一次采访中颁发过自己的见地,“缘故原由有很多,当然主如果用人单位对女性劳动者生养以及未来照料家庭和孩子的包袱会影响事情的担忧。别的,有的用人单位觉得在有些行业、有些领域,男性劳动者可能更具有上风,导致女大年夜门生在求职历程中难度增大年夜。”

“在谋事情的历程中,家庭不雅念也在必然程度上抉择了女生谋事情的难易。很多家长觉得,事情要离家近,国企和奇迹单位才是好事情。”罗奕说。

就若何办理女高职生就业难的问题,湖南铁道职业技巧学院副校长方明忠提出了自己的建议。“日常平凡要加大年夜就业鼓吹力度,多道路多时段的对女生进行就业情况、就业信息、就业政策的鼓吹。针对就业艰苦女生要做到分类指示,精准就业,对艰苦环境做好具体挂号,结合女生实际环境做好分类保举。要拓宽就业渠道,积极引进有名企业、杰作企业来校招聘。同时,还要给家长和门生干事情,培养家长和门生的科学就业不雅念,以便他们对子女进行精确的就业指示。”

《2016中国劳动力市场成长申报》也指出,除了在高等教导上增强女性的职业竞争力、前进女性的社会介入意识和性别平等不雅念,优化人才需求情况、完善社会办事机制依然是办理女大年夜门生就业难的紧张道路。

(原题为:《女高职生就业难:问题出在哪儿》)

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