浅谈架子鼓对孩子素质教育的影响

音乐教育是幼儿素质教育的重要内容,节奏是构成音乐的第一要素,打击乐教学是音乐教学的一个重要组成部分。打击乐就很适合幼儿这种与生俱来的本能。幼儿只有较好地掌握了音乐的节奏,感受了音乐…

浅谈架子鼓对孩子素质教育的影响

音乐教育是幼儿素质教育的重要内容,节奏是构成音乐的第一要素,打击乐教学是音乐教学的一个重要组成部分。打击乐就很适合幼儿这种与生俱来的本能。幼儿只有较好地掌握了音乐的节奏,感受了音乐的节奏,感受了音乐中有规律的强弱、长短现象,才能通过节奏去认识、理解音乐。因此,我校尝试开设集体班进行架子鼓音乐教学。结合幼儿各年龄阶段的特点和实际水平,从培养节奏感入手,对幼儿进行音乐启蒙训练,发展其音乐能力,从而达到全面提高幼儿素质的目的。开展集体的架子鼓演奏活动,不仅可以发展学前儿童演奏乐器的兴趣,使儿童在丰富多彩的乐器演奏活动中获得生理上的快感和心理上的满足,也可以扩展儿童的音乐词汇,提高儿童的音乐理解能力。它对幼儿的观察力、注意力、动手和谐性、想象力、创造力、合作力都有很大的促进作用。更重要的是它能培养幼儿与集体协调一致的意志和能力,培养幼儿的探索精神和创造能力。

那么,如何培养幼儿架子鼓的演奏能力呢?请听我细细到来:

一、从兴趣入手,使幼儿对架子鼓演奏产生欲望

学习打击乐,必须先让幼儿会欣赏音乐,使幼儿熟悉、感受、理解音乐的内容、性质、风格、乐器结构及其他环节。教师课前要做好充分的准备,根据乐曲的情况、幼儿的音乐能力来组织幼儿进行模仿学习,这是打击乐教学最初进行的基本形式。兴趣是幼儿学好架子鼓演奏的关键,因此,我们应首先从培养幼儿对架子鼓的兴趣入手。

二、示范讲解教会幼儿正确的乐器操作

乐器操作能力主要指运用乐器奏出想要的特定音响的能力。幼儿只有兴趣是远远不够的,最终要使幼儿掌握架子鼓的演奏方法,首先要教给幼儿正确的打击方法。我校通过图和实物给幼儿介绍各种乐器的名称、用途和相关的知识,并反复敲打架子鼓。

三、培养幼儿和同伴合奏能力

合作协调主要是指在演奏过程中注意倾听自己、同伴、集体的演奏,并努力使自己的演奏服从于整体音响形象的塑造要求。在一次架子鼓的练习中,有幼儿轮奏的部分,8名幼儿每人轮奏两小节,这就要求孩子们既要掌握好自己演奏的内容,又要牢记自己跟在哪位小朋友的后面,什么时候进入一起合奏部分,因此幼儿要集中注意力,认真倾听他人演奏,熟悉音乐节奏。通过这样的训练,孩子们的合奏能力有了很大的进步,这也是我们开设集体班课程的主要原因之一!

四、鼓励幼儿大胆的、创造性的表演,培养幼儿的自信心

我们发现通过学习架子鼓,幼儿的性格活泼开朗了。刚接触架子鼓的孩子的眼神和动作都比较拘谨,这时架子鼓老师会反复地告诉孩子们:来到这里就是要你们放松,大胆地把自己的小脑袋晃起来,小屁股扭起来。通过老师与家长及时的沟通,共同鼓励孩子,慢慢地孩子们就放开了,胆子也大了。经过一段时间的训练,老师和家长都能发现,以前腼腆胆小的孩子,眼中闪烁出了自信的光芒。在参与无数次的表演后,不仅使孩子们的自信心得到大大的提高,也使他们体会到一种成功的快乐。

我们在培养幼儿架子鼓的演奏能力时,要根据学前儿童的实际能力。在幼儿有一定的音乐基础下,根据幼儿使用乐器的能力与幼儿对乐曲变化做出相应反应的能力,采用多通道的形式对幼儿进行训练,使他们初步发展起对乐曲感知、理解、欣赏、配器的能力。

总之,幼儿在架子鼓的演奏活动中能发展良好的合作意识与协调技能,发展自己的探索精神和创造能力,在演奏活动中获得音乐的享受。

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