幼师队伍也需要“素质教育”

■本报评论员宋延坤要想避免更多的孩子在学前教育阶段避免虐待,需要一个相对完善的保护体系,而法律只是该体系中的一个重要组成部分而已,提升幼师队伍整体素质也是重要组成部分,两者缺一不可…

■本报评论员宋延坤要想避免更多的孩子在学前教育阶段避免虐待,需要一个相对完善的保护体系,而法律只是该体系中的一个重要组成部分而已,提升幼师队伍整体素质也是重要组成部分,两者缺一不可。

对于家长和社会而言,孩子尤其是尚处在学前年龄段的幼儿,是怎样的一个存在?在家长眼里,孩子是自己的心头之肉,也是整个家庭的未来,而在社会眼里,这些孩子则是整个国家和民族的未来。虽然我们希望这些孩子能够得到更好的成长环境,但一系列发生在校园尤其是幼儿园的虐童事件,却一次次刺激着我们的心。

2015年12月8日,《法制晚报》爆出了一条猛料:吉林四平市红黄蓝幼儿园惊现虐童事件,有将近30名家长称自家的孩子身上出现多个针眼。日前,此事件终于有了结果,四平市中级人民法院作出终审裁定,驳回上诉,维持了对4名被告人(幼师)有期徒刑2年6个月至2年10个月的原判。因为该案也是《刑法修正案》(九)实施后全国首例虐待被监护人案件,因此,网络上也出现一批叫好之声,有网友认为此案例必将强力震慑那些严重缺乏仁爱之心的幼师,对提升整个幼师队伍的素质也将发挥出非常积极的作用。不过,要想尽可能消除虐童事件,仅仅指望着这一个案例就可以吗?

四平市红黄蓝幼儿园虐童事件成为了《刑法修正案》(九)实施后的全国首例虐待被监护人案件,的确拥有较强的示范意义。然而,在笔者看来,要想让“示范意义”变成“示范作用”,并直接向整个幼师队伍形成足够强力的震慑效果,还有两个方面的工作需要展开:其一,最高法将此案例作为典型案例及时发布,既可以为其他地方法院在审理类似案件时提供具体的参考,也可以倒逼幼师队伍主动提升法律素养;其二,各地教育、公安、法院和检察院等相关职能部门形成联动机制,尽可能减少某些部门出于“遮丑”目的而故意隐瞒虐童事件的操作空间。

虽然《刑法修正案》(九)能够形成极强的震慑效果,让虐童者付出足够沉重的代价,但这个法律武器毕竟还是以惩戒处罚为主,本身所具备的教育警示作用并不强。那么,如何才能实现让更多幼师不敢向孩子施暴的效果呢?提升幼师队伍整体素质这项工作就显得尤其关键,不难发现,很多幼儿园虐童事件中的幼师,往往都具备个人品德和教学素质相对偏低的特点。因此,在笔者看来,必须得从以下两个方面着手,进一步提升整个幼师队伍的素质:首先,提高幼儿教师从业门坎,避免无资质人员进入幼师队伍;其次,进一步提升我国学前教育的档次,并将强化幼儿教师继续教育和加强师德建设等工作纳入到学前教育事业的框架内。

要想避免更多的孩子在学前教育阶段避免虐待,需要一个相对完善的保护体系,而法律只是该体系中的一个重要组成部分而已,提升幼师队伍整体素质也是重要组成部分,两者缺一不可。因此,笔者认为,需要严厉打击那些虐童者,也需要避免更多的潜在虐童者混进幼师队伍。

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