44万人去年来华留学排亚洲第一,韩、美、泰生源居前三

3月1日,彭湃新闻(www.thepaper.cn)从教导部举行的新闻宣布会获悉,十八大年夜以来,来华留学规模持续增长。2016年留门生规模冲破44万,比2012年增长了35%,中…

3月1日,彭湃新闻(www.thepaper.cn)从教导部举行的新闻宣布会获悉,十八大年夜以来,来华留学规模持续增长。2016年留门生规模冲破44万,比2012年增长了35%,中国已成为亚洲最大年夜留学目的国,来华留学吸引力与国家经济实力和综合实力的匹配度进一步提升。

同时,越来越多的留门生来华攻读学历课程,学历生和钻研生占比实现双增长。2016年在华学历生人数达21万人,占来华留门生总数的47.4%,比2012年前进了7个百分点;硕博钻研生人数达6.4万人,占总人数的14.4%,比2012年前进了3.4个百分点。另据统计,2016年共有13万名外籍门生在我学前教导机构和种种中小学就读,各级种种外籍门生总数已逾57万人。

在运送到中国留学职员的国家中,“一带一起”沿线国家领跑,生源大年夜国稳中有变。

2016年在华留门生生源国家和地区总数为205个,创历史新高。前10位生源国稳中有变,依次为韩国、美国、泰国、巴基斯坦、印度、俄罗斯、印度尼西亚、哈萨克斯坦、日本和越南。

近几年来,“一带一起”沿线国家门生数量增长显着,相较2012年,巴基斯坦、哈萨克斯坦和泰国门生数量排名分手上浮了5位、2位和1位。2016年,沿线64国在华留门生共207,746人,同比增幅达13.6%,高于各国匀称增速。

突破以汉语进修为主的格局,学科散播加倍合理。

2016年来华进修汉语的人数占总人数的38.2%,比2012年的53.5%下降了15.3%,更多门生来华进修汉语以外专业。

就读其他学科的门生规模和比例显明增长:比拟2012年,教导、理科、工科和农学门生数量显明增添,增幅均跨越100%;经济、西医、文学、法学、治理等门生数量增幅均跨越50%;占比增长最快的学科为工科,比2012年增长了5.2个百分点。

学历生中,就读人数最多的学科依次为西医、工科、经济和治理。汉语专业从2012年的第2位下降至2016年的第5位。

中国政府奖学金杠杆感化持续显现,撬动国际人才资本。

十八大年夜以来,我国赓续加大年夜中国政府奖学金投入,前进应用效率。

一是扩大年夜规模。2016年,共有来自183个国家的49,022论理门生享受中国政府奖学金在华进修,占在华生总数的11%,比拟2012年增添了70%。

二是办事国家计谋。奖学金向周边国家和“一带一起”沿线国家倾斜,成为国家计谋人才和人脉贮备的紧张渠道。2016年奖学金人数前10位的国家依次为:巴基斯坦、蒙古、俄罗斯、越南、泰国、美国、老挝、韩国、哈萨克斯坦和尼泊尔,“一带一起”沿线国家奖学金生占比61%,比2012年前进了8.4个百分点。

三是前进人才层次。2016年,奖学金生中,硕博钻研生比例高达69%,比2012年占比增添了12%。中国政府奖学金对高层次人才的吸引力赓续提升,引领来华留学向高层次、高质量成长。

来华留学事情聚焦

来华留学事情环抱外交大年夜局,办事教导对外开放,坚持 “扩大年夜规模,优化布局,规范治理,包管质量”方针,培养了一大年夜批知华友华的国际人才。

◎ 精准培养,发挥中国政府奖学金的示范引领感化,提升国际人才培养与国家计谋需求的契合度。

◎ 规范治理,构建完备的来华留学政策链条,提升来华留学吸引力。

◎ 狠抓质量,推动来华留学内涵成长,打造“留学中国”品牌。

◎ 厚植人脉,注重培植来华留门生对中国的认同感,培植知华友华气力。

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