中青报谈“高校间人才大战”:须对中西部高校进行特殊保护

教导部部长陈宝生 资料图 “挖走这些人才,便是在掘人家的‘命根’!”日前,在教导部召开的中西部高等教导振兴计划事情推进会上,针对东部高校向中西部高校挖抢人才的征象,教导部部长陈宝生…

教导部部长陈宝生 资料图

“挖走这些人才,便是在掘人家的‘命根’!”日前,在教导部召开的中西部高等教导振兴计划事情推进会上,针对东部高校向中西部高校挖抢人才的征象,教导部部长陈宝生公开呼吁东部高校正中西部高校的人才“部下留情”。

今年1月份,教导部印发《关于坚持精确导向匆匆进高校高层次人才合理有序流动的看护》,也明确提出“不鼓励东部高校从中西部、东北地区高校引进人才”“高校之间不得片面依附高薪酬、高报酬竞价抢挖人才”。可见,这一问题已经引起了教导部的高度注重,由此反应出今朝高校人才竞争的热度。

中西部高校人才流掉并不是一个新话题。2006年曾有媒体报道,位于甘肃的兰州大年夜学,虽然黉舍采取步伐稳住人才、吸惹人才,然则50%以上青年西席仍有流向东部的意向,在那之前的10年间,兰州大年夜学流掉的高水平人才足以创办一所同样水平的高校。兰州大年夜学原校长也曾公开向东部高校求情,“不要再挖我们的人才”。

东部高校在薪资报酬、成漫空间、学科平台方面有很大年夜的竞争上风,以致连生活情况都比中西部高校好。另一方面,与东部高校比拟,中西部高校的治理要领,对人才的立场,也不尽如人意。报酬上留不住人,情感上也让人不高兴。而“双一流”的启动,加倍剧了东部高校与中西部高校之间的人才竞争。由于,一流大年夜学和一流学科在很大年夜程度上仍旧因此拥有长江学者、院士等高层次人才的数量来表现的,为了争取这些高层次人才,东部高校乐意高价抢人,而他们开出的优厚前提也实在让很多人无法回绝。在这一背景下,中西部高校的人才形势更为严酷。

不过,人才流动本应该是自由的。以夷易近国时期为例,许多名教授穿梭于各大年夜高校之间,往来交往自由。大年夜学教授们的自由流动是小我的择业自由与迁徙自由的表现。从市场角度来讲,人往高处走,往更有利于实现自我代价的地方走,同时为社会创造更高的代价,是人力资本的合理设置设置设备摆设摆设。可能有人会问,既然承认人才自由流动的意义,为何又否决东部地区从中西部高校挖抢高层次人才?

缘故原由生怕在于,东中西部高校之间的人才大年夜战并非纯挚的市场行径,更不能简单用市场思维来评判。因为地方经济成长差距以及政府对高校投入的差异,在这场人才大年夜战中,竞争的双方完全不在一个层次。媒体报道,山东将在“十三五”时代筹集50亿元资金支持“双一流”扶植。江苏则在《高水平大年夜学扶植规划》提出,从2017年起,对进入全国百强的省属高校,给予每年每校1亿元阁下的资金支持。中西部地区是什么状况呢?贵州省未来5年内推进区域内一流大年夜学扶植的经费仅5亿元。新疆用于支持自治区内本科高校在5年内扶植50个重点专业的资金统共为1亿元。而教导部等部门启动“中西部高校根基能力扶植工程”,在2012年至2015年的一期工程中投入也只有100亿元专项资金。比拟之下,面对东部地区高校的人才争夺,中西部高校难有招架之力,这场人才大年夜战切实着实像是一场“抢掠”。

人才流动一旦掉序,中西部高校遭遇的则是人才流掉,将是以面临伟大年夜丧掉。一些高校被挖得伤筋动骨,以致呈现学科人才断档的环境,一些科研经费和项目也由于科研带头人的脱离而处于停滞状态,造成高等教导生态赓续恶化。以是,在无法缩小地区经济成长差异、无法迅速提升中西部高校人才吸引力的环境下,不能放任东部高校肆意争抢人才,必须对中西部高校进行特殊保护。

应该看到,公开呼吁也好,“求情”也罢,都难给高校间人才大年夜战降温。对此,一方面是要改变以高层次人才数量为依据的评价机制,低落东部高校挖抢人才的意愿。另一方面是要在政策、资金分配等方面给中西部高校更多支持,赞助其前进稳住人才、吸惹人才的实力。这样才能平衡大好人才自由流动与高等教导生态康健的关系。

(原题为:《东部高校向中西部抢人须部下留情》)

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