中国去年54.45万人出国留学,公派留学回国率超98%

3月1日,教导部举行新闻宣布会,先容十八大年夜以来中国留学事情的新趋势。 彭湃新闻(www.thepaper.cn)在会议上获悉,2016年出国留学54.45万人,再次创造历史最高…

3月1日,教导部举行新闻宣布会,先容十八大年夜以来中国留学事情的新趋势。

彭湃新闻(www.thepaper.cn)在会议上获悉,2016年出国留学54.45万人,再次创造历史最高记载,中国成为天下最大年夜的国际生源输出国。2016年度,逾九成留学职员赴美国、英国、澳大年夜利亚等十国,此中赴英语国家的留学职员近八成。据统计,逾八成留学职员学成后选择返国成长,此中不乏高层次人才。全国公派留学返国率则更高,跨越了98%。

出国留学事情趋势

出国留学规模稳步扩大年夜,留学返国人数持续增长,返国与出国人数“逆差”徐徐缩小。

十八大年夜以来,出国留学规模稳步扩大年夜。

2016年我国出国留学职员总数为54.45万人,较2012年增长14.49万人,增幅为36.26%。

2016年留学返国职员总数为43.25万人,较2012年增长15.96万人,增幅为58.48%。

出国留学与留学返国人数比例从2012年的1.46:1下降到2016年的1.26:1。逾八成留学职员学成后选择返国成长。留学返国与出国留学人数“逆差”徐徐缩小。

留学地域相对集中,攻读本科以上学历的仍为留学主体。

在地域散播方面,我国出国留学职员留学目的国相对集中。2016年度,逾九成留学职员赴美国、英国、澳大年夜利亚等十国,此中赴英语国家的留学职员近八成(77.91%)。十八大年夜以来,我国留学职员目的地国前十名基础维持平稳。

从学历层次看,2016年度我国出国留学职员攻读本科以上学历占七成(本科生30.56%、硕博钻研生35.51%)。

公派留学为引领,自费留学为主体

十八大年夜以来,国家公派留门生共107005人。此中派出造访学者44814人,占派出总人数的41.88%,博士生、硕士生和本科生62191人,占派出总人数的58.12%,培养了一大年夜批具有国际视野和竞争能力的紧缺人才和计谋后备人才。

从国别散播看,面向美国、英国、加拿大年夜等教导蓬勃国家遴派93865人,占国家公派职员总人数的87.72%,为持续进修借鉴天下教导科技强国成长履历供给了保障。

从学科散播看,国家公派出国留学职员主要选择了国家成长扶植急需的理、工、农、医等学科。此中攻读工科的36.54%、理科15.47%、医科6.68%、农科3.17%,人文社科专业占38.14%。

2016年出国留学职员中,自费留学共49.82万人,占出国留学总人数的91.49%。2012年以来,自费留学的比重持续维持在92%阁下,已初步形成公派留学为主导,自费留学为主体的留学事情格局。

出国留学事情聚焦

出国留学事情聚焦国家计谋,办事中间大年夜局,坚持“支持留学,鼓励返国,往来交往自由,发挥感化”方针,培养了一大年夜批具有国际视野和竞争能力的国际化人才。

◎ 统筹筹划,聚焦前沿,发挥公派出国留学的调控补给感化,全方位培养国家急需人才。

◎ 立异机制,和谐成长,为区域、行业成长供给人才支撑,孕育发生新效益。

◎ 政府搭台,项目牵引,鼓励留学职员返国办事、为国办事,成为“大年夜众创业、万众立异”新力量。

◎ 回应眷注,加强向导,构建安然教导体系,让安全留学理念深入民心。

加倍重视留学安然教导

在留学人数逐年增长,国际局势赓续繁杂的背景下,教导部将加倍重视对留学职员的安然教导。

在教导部委托和指示下,教导部留学办事中间承担出国留学行前培训的详细事情。经由过程教导部在全国设立的36家“教导出国留学培训与钻研中间”、各地教导厅和高校,采纳线下、线上、实景、团组等多种培训形式,借助一整套办事体系、一个网站(http/www.cgpx.org)、一个微信平台(pinganliuxue)、一个视频播放系统、多系列课本、多学科专家团队以及联动事情机制,为13万余人供给了现场培训,为跨越37万人次供给了在线培训,基础实现对国家公派留学职员的全覆盖,并慢慢扩大年夜对自费出国留学职员的覆盖率。

行前培训内容席卷思惟政治、爱国教导、国家留学政策和在外治理规定、公派留学职员解决出国手续与流程及自费留学职员一站式相关留学办事先容、中国公夷易近外洋领事保护等相关内容。

教导部国际司副司长方军则表示,除了行前培训外,教导部也要求驻外教导参赞将留门生安然教导作为教导治理和办事最紧张的内容之一。每年八玄月分新生到达时,使领馆会资助各个大年夜学的门生会专门对新生开展活动,此中最紧张的便是安然教导。新生可以领取到《安然教导手册》,此中涉及各年安然问题案例,为门生供给了应对突发事故的步伐。

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