“十三五”公共服务规划涉多项教育部署:推进随迁子女入学等

《“十三五”推进基础公共办事均等化筹划》日前正式对外公布。包括推进随迁子女入学,破解“入园难、入园贵”,留住村庄子西席等等,这份筹划中,涉及教导领域的诸多支配,值得关注。 随迁子女…

《“十三五”推进基础公共办事均等化筹划》日前正式对外公布。包括推进随迁子女入学,破解“入园难、入园贵”,留住村庄子西席等等,这份筹划中,涉及教导领域的诸多支配,值得关注。

随迁子女就学难怎么破?

——保障在公办黉舍或购大班事在夷易近办黉舍就学

近年来,随迁子女就学问题备受关注。据第六次全国人口普查数据显示:全国0岁~17岁随迁子女为3581万人。教导奇迹统计数据显示,2016年使命教导阶段随迁子女为1395万人。

《筹划》提出,保障相符前提的进城务工职员随迁子女在公办黉舍或经由过程政府购大班事在夷易近办黉舍就学。

详细举措有哪些?教导部教导成长钻研中间副主任马涛解读称,“十三五”时期,在坚持“两为主”和“两纳入”根基上,适应户籍轨制革新要求,推动建立以栖身证为主要依据的随迁子女入学政策,实现“两免一补”和生均公用经费基准定额资金随门生流动可携带,有序扩大年夜城镇学位提供,保障相符前提的随迁子女都能以公办黉舍为主入学或政府购大班事的夷易近办黉舍就学。

两孩政策下,学前教导若何接招?

——大年夜力成长公办幼儿园,扶持夷易近办幼儿园供给普惠性办事

跟着“两孩”期间的到来,中国每年的新诞生人口总量增添。此前,卫计委相关认真人曾先容,2016年新诞生人口1867万,比2015年增长了11%。新增儿童总量日益增多,若何废止幼儿园“入园难、入园贵”征象也备受关注。

这份《筹划》提出,大年夜力成长公办幼儿园,积极扶持夷易近办幼儿园供给普惠性办事。扩大年夜集中连片特困地区、少数夷易近族地区学前教导资本。支持地方健全学前教导资助轨制,资助普惠性幼儿园在园家庭经济艰苦儿童、孤儿和残疾儿童吸收学前教导。

马涛先容,今朝,教导部今朝正在以县为单位推进实施第三期学前教导行动计划。一是扩大年夜普惠性资本。根据人口政策调剂和城镇化进程的必要,调剂筹划结构,大年夜力成长公办园,积极向导和扶持夷易近办园供给普惠性办事。加强城镇小区配套幼儿园扶植和治理,对未按规定扶植、移交、未办成公办园或普惠性夷易近办园的开展专项整治。二是理顺系统体例机制。强化省地(市)统筹,以县为主的学前教导治理系统体例。健全学前教导成本分担机制,推动各地建立幼儿园生均拨款轨制,完善资助轨制,出力办理普惠性幼儿园运行、师资等方面的前提保障问题。三是前进保育教导质量。完善幼儿园动态监管机制,健全保教质量评估体系,加强对种种幼儿园的规范监管和营业指示。

若何给贫苦生减包袱?

——率先从建档立卡等贫苦生实施通俗高中免除学杂费

据懂得,当前,在使命教导阶段,免费政策覆盖了所有学龄阶段门生,所有屯子子门生(约1.1亿人)整个享受“两免”(免学杂费、免书籍费),屯子子投止生还免除在校投止养活费,此中约1200多万家庭经济艰苦的投止生得到养活费补助。从2017年春季学期起,统一城乡使命教导门生“两免一补”政策。针对使命教导家庭经济艰苦的投止门生,发放的投止生生活补助为小门生每生每年1000元,初中生每生每年1250元。

通俗高中教导是门生个性形成、能力培养、自立成长的关键时期,对付前进国夷易近本质和培养立异人才具有特殊意义。党的十八届五中全会、国家“十三五”筹划和《中共中央、国务院关于打赢脱贫攻坚战的抉择》均明确指出“率先从建档立卡的家庭经济艰苦门生实施通俗高中免除学杂费”。

对此,《筹划》提出,慢慢分类推进中等职业教导免除学杂费,率先从建档立卡等家庭经济艰苦门生(含非建档立卡的家庭经济艰苦残疾门生、屯子子低保家庭门生、屯子子特困救助扶养门生)实施通俗高中免除学杂费。

若何留住村庄子西席?

——统筹城乡师资设置设置设备摆设摆设并向村庄子倾斜

近年来,若何留住村庄子西席成为一个全社会关注的话题。

对此,《筹划》提出,“十三五”时期要实施村庄子西席支持计划。慢慢扩大年夜屯子子西席特岗计划实施规模。落实并完善集中连片特困地区村庄子西席生活补助政策。加大年夜“国培计划”对中西部地区村庄子西席校长培训的集中支持力度。加强村庄子黉舍音体美等师资紧缺学科西席和夷易近族地区双语西席培训。

此外,据教导部相关认真人先容,“十三五”时期将统筹城乡师资设置设置设备摆设摆设并向村庄子倾斜。合理审定使命教导黉舍教职工体例,建立城乡使命教导黉舍教职工体例统筹设置设置设备摆设摆设机制和跨区域调剂机制。钻研确定县域统一的使命教导黉舍岗位布局比例,完善职称评聘政策,慢慢推动县域内同砚段黉舍岗位布局和谐并向村庄子适当倾斜,实现职称评审与岗位聘请轨制的有效毗连,吸引优秀西席向村庄子流动。

(原题为:《“十三五”公共办事筹划:教导领域这些变更要关注!》)

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