杭州小学生性教育读本引争议,教材课题组:教师须经系统培训

 “《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》的研发出版筹备光阴长达9年,而在这9年傍边更是颠最后三轮的教授教化试验,除了专家和西席,北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组成员也多次与门生父…

 “《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》的研发出版筹备光阴长达9年,而在这9年傍边更是颠最后三轮的教授教化试验,除了专家和西席,北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组成员也多次与门生父母交流。”

3月4日,针对此前网上引起多方热议的《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》(以下简称为《读本》)一书,该课本的主编刘文利将其所在的北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组一篇“回应”发给彭湃新闻(www.thepaper.cn)。这篇名为《对<珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本>激发评论争论的回应》(以下简称为《回应》)的文章,对编写该课本的初衷与背景、编写设计历程、网友热议的“敏感内容”、进一步的完善改进等逐一作出懂得答。

《回应》还表示,今朝,课题组也在编写与这套读本配套的西席用书和父母读本,盼望能够进一步办理这些问题。

网友截图不完备、不能准确表达课本真实意思

3月3日,有媒体报道,浙江杭州萧山一位二年级孩子的妈妈在其微博上吐槽黉舍发放的《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》,称该课本尺度太大年夜并附上课本中部分图片和翰墨,一光阴该本课本和此中部分内容在网上引起热议。

3月4日,针对各界的热讲和质疑,该课本主编刘文利及其所在课题组的《回应》一文称,盼望所有的父母、西席、关心儿童康健生长的各界人士能为儿童性成长、性教导供给安然、支持的情况,盼望孩子能够基于科学、准确的信息形成精确的代价不雅。

针对有许多网友所质疑的的大年夜尺度“图片”,北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组觉得:不少媒体和网友所评论争论的截图并不完备,不能准确表达课本的真实意思,“我们盼望性常识能和其它科学常识一样,被自然、准确地通报给儿童,让儿童感到到熟识阴茎、阴囊、阴道、子宫等生殖器官,跟熟识身段的其它器官一样,相识这些器官很紧张,必然要保护好。”

《回应》还表示,这套《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》本身便是作为一门校本课程的教授教化材料来设计的,读本中的一些内容确凿必要颠末培训的西席在讲堂上给门生解读、向导,这也恰是我们坚持将该门课程纳入使命教导课程体系,并请肄业校在应用这套读本、开设课程之前应进行完备的西席培训的缘故原由。今朝,课题组也在编写与这套读本配套的西席用书和父母读本,盼望能够进一步办理这些问题。

在形式上,这套读本基于校本课程教授教化材料设计,从小学一年级到六年级,每个年级分上、下册,每个学期六课时。在内容上,读本依据《中小学康健教导指示纲要》的相关内容请乞降2009年联合国教科文组织宣布的《国际性教导技巧指示纲要》的六个关键观点,设计了家庭与同伙、生活与技能、性别与权利、身段发育、性与康健行径和性与生殖康健六个单元,内容涉及儿童性成长的各个方面。

《中小学康健教导指示纲要》是课本编写依据

在解释这套课本的编写初衷与背景时,《回应》一文中表示,教导部所宣布的《中小学康健教导指示纲要》是北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组编写该课本的主要依据。

《回应》称,“2008年,教导部宣布了《中小学康健教导指示纲要》,对中小学康健教导事情提出了详细、明确的要求。纲要中明确要求小学1~2年级门生应该懂得掌握 “孕育生命”、“生长的基础常识”和“我从哪里来”等内容。

同时,国务院在2011年所宣布的《中国儿童成长纲要(2011-2020年)》也明确提出“把性与生殖康健教导纳入使命教导课程体系”。

此外,《回应》称,赓续裸露的校园、社会与性有关的问题也是北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组编写该课本的动力之一,”基于性其余轻蔑、青少年不安然性行径、青少年非意愿有身和人工流产,让我们认为作为教导事情者责任之重大年夜,频发的儿童性损害事故更让我们在酸心之余深感相关事情刻不容缓。”

《回应》称,面对着一系列残酷的事实,盼望能够以性教导作为切入点,让儿童掌握相关常识、技能,建立精确的立场,学会尊重自己,尊重他人,珍爱生命,也能够识别危险,用恰当的要领保护自己。

九年教授教化试验,与门生父母多次交流

《回应》表示,《读本》的研发出版筹备光阴长达9年,而在这9年傍边更是颠最后三轮的教授教化试验,除了专家和西席,北师大年夜儿童性教导课题组成员也多次与门生父母交流。

《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》从2010年开始陆续出版,今朝出版到6年级上册。《回应》中表示,该套课本颠最后严谨的设计、试验、反馈、修订、监测等阶段。

据北京师范大年夜学儿童性教导课题组已经监测到的数据注解:西席颠末系统培训,能够胜率性康健教导教授教化;性康健教导对门生的生长孕育发生了积极影响,门生异常爱好上性康健教导课;绝大年夜多半父母支持黉舍开展性康健教导。现在这套读本在北京市的18所夷易近办打工后辈黉舍作为性康健教导校本课程教授教化材料应用。北京师范大年夜学儿童性教导课题组会供给西席培训、教授教化督导、教授教化效果监测等专业支持。据我们不完全懂得,北京以外的一些地区的一些黉舍也以不合形式应用这套读本,也有很多父母用这套读本在家里和孩子共读。

刘文利主编《珍爱生命——小门生性康健教导读本》二年级下册(第2版)P2,北京师范大年夜学出版社,2014。本文图均为 微信”民众,”号:北师大年夜儿童性教导 图
刘文利主编《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》二年级下册P29,北京师范大年夜学出版社,2014。
刘文利主编《珍爱生命—小门生性康健教导读本》二年级下册P29,北京师范大年夜学出版社,2014。
刘文利主编《珍爱生命——小门生性康健教导读本》二年级下册P27,北京师范大年夜学出版社,2014。

《珍爱生命——小门生性康健教导读本》五年级上册P43.北京师范大年夜学出版社,2015。

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