教师资格综合素质:素质教育与应试教育的区别

随着2017年教师资格证笔试的临近,越来越多的同学开始了对笔试的学习与复习,也有很多同学表示对于知识总是死记硬背,总有记不住的地方。我认为,之所以出现这样的情况,还是对知识点中包含…

随着2017年教师资格证笔试的临近,越来越多的同学开始了对笔试的学习与复习,也有很多同学表示对于知识总是死记硬背,总有记不住的地方。我认为,之所以出现这样的情况,还是对知识点中包含的意思与本质没有弄懂,才会导致知识点背不牢固。接下来我将就综合素质中职业理念部分,仔细谈谈到底该如何理解其中的内涵与深意。

在对于综合素质中职业理念的部分,我们会发现,不管有多少,其中都是围绕着现在与过去的不同,这里的不同,主要指的就是教育。过去的教育是简单的教师教、学生学,教师评价学生更多是以成绩为基础,是应试教育;现在的教育则是以学生为主体,教师引导学生主动学会知识,评价也不仅仅是看成绩,而是多种方面,是素质教育。那么素质教育与应试教育的区别都有什么,怎样去区分它们呢?

素质教育与应试教育的区别主要有教育对象、教育目的、能力培养、教学方法、学生评价、教学内容与教育着眼点七个方面的差别:

一、教育对象方面。应试教育主要面向少数学生,忽视大多数学生,是针对一些老师眼中“优等生”的教育;而素质教育则是针对全体学生的教育,所有的学生没有别老师忽视的。

二、教育目标方面。应试教育,顾名思义就是为了考试,所以教育目标偏重知识的传授,忽视德育、体育、美育、心理教育和生产劳动教育;素质教育则是智育、德育、体育、心理教育和生产劳动教育全面的进行。

三、能力培养方面。应试教育只注重技能训练,忽视能力培养;素质教育则恰恰相反,重视各种能力的培养。

四、教学方法方面。应试教育只要求学生为了考试,所以在教学方法上以死记硬背和机械重复训练为方法,使学生课业负担过重;素质教育采用启发式、探究式教学,使学生生动、活泼、主动地学习,减轻学生课业负担。

五、学生评价方面。应试教育主要为筛选性评价,以考试成绩作为评价学生的主要标准甚至唯一标准;素质教育则要求发展性评价,评价方式需要多元化,评价主体多元。

六、教学内容方面。应试教育教学内容较难,过于偏重学科体系,忽视综合性及应用性内容,不同程度存在着脱离学生生活实际,忽视实践等问题;素质教育则降低教学内容的深度和难度,弱化学科体系,重视综合,教学内容结合学生经验、联系实际。

七、教育着眼点方面。应试教育局限于学校,素质教育则重视发展性,终身教育,终身学习。

以上就是素质教育与应试教育的区别,希望对大家有所帮助。

教师资格及教师招聘公告详细信息请查看安徽教师招聘招考网

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