语文学习的通用方法

学科网小编提示 语文的学习重在积累,所谓厚积而薄发,才能显示真正的实力与内涵。因此,在平时的生活中同学们要从主动自觉的去分析一个字形、掌握一个词语,理解一个熟语、记住一句名言警句、…

学科网小编提示

语文的学习重在积累,所谓厚积而薄发,才能显示真正的实力与内涵。因此,在平时的生活中同学们要从主动自觉的去分析一个字形、掌握一个词语,理解一个熟语、记住一句名言警句、赏析一首诗,阅读一篇文章,欣赏一部名著做起,相信你对语文的学习兴趣会越来越浓厚,随之你的语文水平也会逐步提高。

下面具体介绍学习语文的通用方法。更多语文学习的方法登录学科网手机版搜索语文学习,随时随地想看就看。

语文学习的通用方法

学科网手机版搜索语文学习

一、语文学习的要求

1、运用想象和联想。想象和联想伴随着语文学习的始终,听说读写都离不开想象和联想。比如:在看课文《春》的过程中可以联想到以前学过的描写春的古诗词,再现课文的内容和情景。在阅读过程中,有意识的把语言文字的内容与自己的生活经历和感悟结合起来。这样的锻炼会大大提高学生的阅读能力和理解能力。如果把它运用到写作中,会有效地提高学生的写作水平。

2、积极主动的参与课堂活动。在课堂上老师对课文的理解是融入了老师的知识积累和生活经验的,而同学们自己的理解,是站在一个未成年人的角度来理解课文,也许学生的理解会更好,所以学生要敢于在课堂上发表自己的见解。这些课堂活动可以激发学生的思维,锻炼能力。所以,同学们应该多思考,多提问,多研讨,使课堂活动丰富多样,精彩纷呈。

3、养成自控式的良好学习习惯。语文学习尤其要养成良好的学习习惯:要用心听讲、作业书写规范、独立完成作业、主动制定学习计划、多读、多背、多思考、经常练笔、看报等。这些都会帮助我们在不知不觉中提高语文水平。

二、语文学习的五大原则

1、循序渐进。语文学习应注重基础,不能急于求成。每天制定好计划,哪怕只做一点儿但只要坚持语文水平就会大有长进。每天可以认真的练几个字,每周背几首诗能认真的练几十个字,每周能熟练的背几首诗,看几篇文章,每学期读一本名著。

2、熟读精思。把记忆和理解紧密结合起来,两者不可偏废。“熟读”,要做到“三到”:心到、眼到、口到。“精思”,要善于质疑问难,最终解决问题。

3、自求自得。端正读书的态度,就是不要为读书而读书,应当把所学的知识加以吸收,变成自己的东西,做到读写结合。

4、博研结合。一是要广泛阅读,二是精读,二者不能缺一,又要有机结合。

5、语文学习的外延与生活的外延相等。注意观察日常的生活,在生活中领悟语文,把语文学习带出课堂。

三、语文学习的两种技能

1、学会快速阅读。在实际学习中,许多同学不甚阅读,更不用说大量的阅读课外书籍。长期下去造成的结果是不会读书,没有形成熟练的阅读技能,对学习的发展造成严重障碍。这里我所讲的阅读技能并不是指能简单的读,而是指在阅读的同时能思考,在思考的同时能阅读的能力。这种能力是指能够根据文章的不同的文体、内容、表现形式迅速分清文章主次、把握书中内容的一种技能(做到这一点不容易,但非常重要)。这就要求学生必须多读书,注意了解不同阅读材料的特点和阅读技巧,加强读思结合,并且有意识的加快阅读速度,逐渐形成阅读技能。

2、作好笔记。作笔记有助于对知识的理解和记忆,是一种必须掌握的技能。初中生的学习笔记主要有课堂笔记、读书笔记和复习笔记等。课堂笔记应注意结合课文对老师所讲内容进行记录,不能全抄全录老师的板书,读书笔记应注意做好圈点勾画,所谓“不动笔墨不读书”。复习笔记应注意做好知识的归纳整理,如经常读错的字音、写错的字形,常用文言实、虚词等,理清知识结构和联系。需要特别指出的是,不论哪种笔记都要做好疑难问题的记录,便于集中处理。

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